ICS Guidelines on Selling Ships for Recycling

Jan 20, 2016 12:00:00 AM

ICS released guidelines on transitional measures for selling ships for recycling five years ago, to prepare ship owners for the entry into force of the IMO Hong Kong Convention. The intention is that this guidance will be updated periodically as the new IMO standards are implemented by governments and more experience is gained. These measures are also supported by the national shipowners’ associations in Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, Croatia, Cyprus, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hong Kong, India, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Korea, Kuwait, Liberia, Mexico, Netherlands, Norway, Singapore, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, United Kingdom and United States.

The Convention requires each recycling facility to possess an approved Facility Management Plan which should provide a holistic system to ensure that ships are recycled in a safe and environmentally sound manner. It is unknown how many facilities possess such a plan at present and, if they do, the extent to which they comply fully with the IMO Convention.

During the transitional period, obtaining confirmation that a Facility Management Plan exists is perhaps less important than shipowners obtaining firm guarantees in the contract of sale with respect to the Ship Recycling Plan and ‘gas freeing’ (see above). However, where shipowners are able to do so, confirmation of the existence of a Facility Management Plan, and its constituent subsidiary plans as described below, will serve as an indicator of the competence of the facility and help develop a picture of available global capacity throughout the transitional period.

A Facility Management Plan should contain subsidiary plans and sections specifically addressing the areas highlighted below. The degree of detail provided should serve as an indication of the suitability of the facility to receive a ship and recycle it in a safe and environmentally sound manner:

Facility Management

  • A programme for appropriate training ofworkers for the safe and environmentallysound operation of the ship recyclingfacilities;
  • The implementation of an emergencypreparedness and response plan; A system for regular monitoring ofthe performance of the ship recyclingoperations, and;
  • A system for record keeping on howthe ship recycling operation is performed,including reporting discharges, emissionsand accidents causing damage or with thepotential of causing damage to workers’safety, health and the environment.

Worker Health and Safety

  • The provision and availability of personalprotective equipment and clothing neededfor all ship recycling operations, and;
  • Appropriate training of workers toundertake safely all operations they aretasked to do.

Waste Treatment

Capacity and treatment ability with respect to the following waste streams:

  • substances or objects containing heavy metals such as lead, mercury, cadmium and hexavalent chromium
  • paints and coatings that are highly flammable and/or may lead to toxic releases during cutting
  • asbestos and asbestos containing materials (ACMs)
  • PCBs and materials containing PCBs
  • CFCs and halons.

Materials to be listed in inventories of hazardous materials for all ships


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